The Aquarian Conspiracy by Executive Intelligence Review

Lyndon LaRouche

The Model
The High Priesthood
LSD: 'Visitation from the Gods'
The Roots of the Flower People
'The Beating of Drums . . .'
The Vietnam War and the Anti-Vietnam  War Trap
'Changing Images'
The LSD Connection

In the spring of 1980, a book appeared  called The Aquarian Conspiracy that put  itself forward as a manifesto of the  counterculture. Defining the  counterculture as the conscious  embracing of irrationality -- from rock  and drugs to biofeedback, meditation,  "consciousness-raising," yoga, mountain  climbing, group therapy, and  psychodrama. The Aquarian Conspiracy  declares that it is now time for the 15  million Americans involved in the  counterculture to join in bringing about  a "radical change in the United States."

Writes author Marilyn Ferguson: "While  outlining a not-yet-titled book about the  emerging social alternatives, I thought  again about the peculiar form of this  movement; its atypical leadership, the  patient intensity of its adherents, their  unlikely successes. It suddenly struck me  that in their sharing of strategies, their  linkage, and their recognition of each  other by subtle signals, the participants  were not merely cooperating with one  another. They were in collusion. It -- this  movement -- is a conspiracy!"1

Ferguson used a half-truth to tell a lie.  The counterculture is a conspiracy -- but  not in the half-conscious way Ferguson  claim -- as she well knows. Ferguson  wrote her manifesto under the direction  of Willis Harman, social policy director  of the Stanford Research Institute, as a  popular version of a May 1974 policy  study on how to transform the United  States into Aldous Huxley's Brave New  World. The counterculture is a  conspiracy at the top, created as a  method of social control, used to drain  the United States of its commitment to  scientific and technological progress.

That conspiracy goes back to the 1930s,  when the British sent Aldous Huxley to  the United States as the case officer for  an operation to prepare the United  States for the mass dissemination of  drugs. We will take this conspiracy apart  step-by-step from its small beginnings  with Huxley in California to the  victimization of 15 million Americans  today. With 'The Aquarian Conspiracy',  the British Opium War against the United  States has come out into the open.

The Model

The British had a precedent for the  counterculture they imposed upon the  United States: the pagan cult  ceremonies of the decadent Egyptian  and Roman Empires. The following  description of cult ceremonies dating  back to the Egyptian Isis priesthood of  the third millennium B.C. could just as  well be a journalistic account of a "hippy  be-in" circa A.D. 1969: "The acts or  gestures that accompany the  incantations constitute the rite [of Isis].  In these dances, the beating of drums  and the rhythm of music and repetitive  movements were helped by hallucinatory  substances like hashish or mescal; these  were consumed as adjuvants to create  the trance and the hallucinations that  were taken to he the visitation of the  god. The drugs were sacred, and their  knowledge was limited to the initiated .  . . Possibly because they have the  illusion of satisfied desires, and allowed  the innermost feelings to escape, these  rites acquired during their execution a  frenzied character that is conspicuous in  certain spells: "Retreat! Re is piercing  thy head, slashing thy face, dividing thy  head, crushing it in his hands; thy bones  are shattered, thy limbs are cut to  pieces!"2

The counterculture that was foisted on  the 1960s adolescent youth of America is  not merely analogous to the ancient cult  of Isis. It is a literal resurrection of the  cult down to the popularization of the  Isis cross (the "peace symbol") as the  counterculture's most frequently used  symbol.

The High Priesthood

The high priest for Britain's Opium War  was Aldous Huxley, the grandson of  Thomas H. Huxley, a founder of the  Rhodes Roundtable group and a lifelong  collaborator of Arnold Toynbee. Toynbee  himself sat on the RIIA council for nearly  fifty years, headed the Research Division  of British intelligence throughout World  War II, and served as wartime briefing  officer of Prime Minister Winston  Churchill. Toynbee's "theory" of history,  expounded in his twenty-volume History  of Western civilization, was that its  determining culture has always been the  rise and decline of grand imperial  dynasties. At the very point that these  dynasties -- the "thousand year Reich" of  the Egyptian pharaohs, the Roman  Empire, and the British Empire --  succeed in imposing their rule over the  entire face of the earth, they tend to  decline. Toynbee argued that this  decline could be abated if the ruling  oligarchy (like that of the British  Roundtable) would devote itself to the  recruitment and training of an  ever-expanding priesthood dedicated to  the principles of imperial rule.3

Trained at Toynbee's Oxford, Aldous  Huxley was one of the initiates in the  "Children of the Sun," a Dionysian cult  comprised of the children of Britain's  Roundtable elite.4 Among the other  initiates were T.S. Eliot, W.H. Auden, Sir  Oswald Mosley, and D.H. Lawrence,  Huxley's homosexual lover. It was  Huxley, furthermore, who would launch  the legal battle in the 1950s to have  Lawrence's pornographic novel Lady  Chatterley's Lover allowed into the  United States on the ground that it was  a misunderstood "work of art."5

Aldous Huxley, along with his brother  Julian, was tutored at Oxford by H.G.  Wells, the head of British foreign  intelligence during World War I and the  spiritual grandfather of the Aquarian  Conspiracy. Ferguson accurately sees the  counterculture as the realization of what  Wells called The Open Conspiracy: Blue  Prints for a World Revolution. The "Open  Conspiracy," Wells wrote, "will appear  first, I believe, as a conscious  organization of intelligent and quite  possibly in some cases, wealthy men, as  a movement having distinct social and  political aims, confessedly ignoring most  of the existing apparatus of political  control, or using it only as an incidental  implement in the stages, a mere  movement of a number of people in a  certain direction who will presently  discover with a sort of surprise the  common object toward which they are  all moving . . . In all sorts of ways they  will be influencing and controlling the  apparatus of the ostensible  government."6

What Ferguson left out is that Wells  called his conspiracy a "one-world brain"  which would function as "a police of the  mind." Such books as the Open  Conspiracy were for the priesthood  itself. But Wells's popular writings (Time  Machine, The Island of Dr. Moreau, and  so forth), and those of his proteges  Aldous Huxley (Brave New World) and  George Orwell (1984 and Animal Farm),  were written as "mass appeal" organizing  documents on behalf of one-world order.  Only in the United States are these  "science fiction classics" taught in grade  school as attacks against fascism.

Under Wells's tutelage, Huxley was first  introduced to Aleister Crowley. Crowley  was a product of the cultist circle that  developed in Britain from the 1860s  under the guiding influence of Edward  Bulwer-Lytton -- who, it will be recalled,  was the colonial minister under Lord  Palmerston during the Second Opium  War. In 1886, Crowley, William Butler  Yeats, and several other Bulwer-Lytton  proteges formed the Isis-Urania Temple  of Hermetic Students of the Golden  Dawn. This Isis Cult was organized  around the 1877 manuscript Isis Unveiled  by Madame Helena Blavatsky, in which  the Russian occultist called for the  British aristocracy to organize itself into  an Isis priesthood.7

The subversive Isis Urania Order of the  Golden Dawn is today an international  drug ring said to be controlled by the  Canadian multi-millionaire, Maurice  Strong, who is also a top operative for  British Intelligence.

In 1937, Huxley was sent to the United  States, where he remained throughout  the period of World War II. Through a Los  Angeles contact, Jacob Zeitlin, Huxley  and pederast Christopher Isherwood  were employed as script writers for  MGM, Warner Brothers, and Walt Disney  Studios. Hollywood was already  dominated by organized crime elements  bankrolled and controlled through  London. Joseph Kennedy was the  frontman for a British consortium that  created RKO studios, and "Bugsy" Siegel,  the West Coast boss of the Lansky  syndicate, was heavily involved in  Warner Brothers and MGM.

Huxley founded a nest of Isis cults in  southern California and in San Francisco,  that consisted exclusively of several  hundred deranged worshipers of Isis and  other cult gods. Isherwood, during the  California period, translated and  propagated a number of ancient Zen  Buddhist documents, inspiring  Zen-mystical cults along the way.8

In effect, Huxley and Isherwood (joined  soon afterwards by Thomas Mann and his  daughter Elisabeth Mann Borghese) laid  the foundations during the late 1930s  and the 1940s for the later LSD culture,  by recruiting a core of "initiates" into the  Isis cults that Huxley's mentors,  Bulwer-Lytton, Blavatsky, and Crowley,  had constituted while stationed in India.

LSD: 'Visitation from the Gods'

"Ironically," writes Ferguson, "the  introduction of major psychedelics like  LSD, in the 1960s, was largely  attributable to the Central Intelligence  Agency's investigation into the  substances for possible military use.  Experiments on more than eighty college  campuses, under various CIA code  names, unintentionally popularized LSD.  Thousands of graduate students served  as guinea pigs. Soon they were  synthesizing their own 'acid.' "9

The CIA operation was code named  MK-Ultra, its result was not  unintentional, and it began in 1952, the  year Aldous Huxley returned to the  United States.

Lysergic acid diethylamide, or LSD, was  developed in 1943 by Albert Hoffman, a  chemist at Sandoz A.B. -- a Swiss  pharmaceutical house owned by S.G.  Warburg. While precise documentation is  unavailable as to the auspices under  which the LSD research was  commissioned, it can be safely assumed  that British intelligence and its  subsidiary U.S. Office of Strategic  Services were directly involved. Allen  Dulles, the director of the CIA when that  agency began MK-Ultra, was the OSS  station chief in Berne, Switzerland  throughout the early Sandoz research.  One of his OSS assistants was James  Warburg, of the same Warburg family,  who was instrumental in the 1963  founding of the Institute for Policy  Studies, and worked with both Huxley  and Robert Hutchins."10

Aldous Huxley returned to the United  States from Britain, accompanied by Dr.  Humphrey Osmond, the Huxleys' private  physician. Osmond had been part of a  discussion group Huxley had organized at  the National Hospital, Queens Square,  London. Along with another seminar  participant, J.R. Smythies, Osmond  wrote Schizophrenia: A New Approach, in  which he asserted that mescaline -- a  derivative of the mescal cactus used in  ancient Egyptian and Indian pagan rites  -- produced a psychotic state identical in  all clinical respects to schizophrenia. On  this basis, Osmond and Smythies  advocated experimentation with  hallucinogenic drugs as a means of  developing a "cure" for mental disorders.

Osmond was brought in by Allen Dulles to  play a prominent role in MK-Ultra. At the  same time, Osmond, Huxley, and the  University of Chicago's Robert Hutchins  held a series of secret planning sessions  in 1952 and 1953 for a second, private  LSD mescaline project under Ford  Foundation funding.11 Hutchins, it will  be recalled, was the program director of  the Ford Foundation during this period.  His LSD proposal incited such rage in  Henry Ford II that Hutchins was fired  from the foundation the following year.

It was also in 1953 that Osmund gave  Huxley a supply of mescaline for his  personal consumption. The next year,  Huxley wrote The Doors of Perception,  the first manifesto of the psychedelic  drug cult, which claimed that  hallucinogenic drugs "expand  consciousness." Although the Ford  Foundation rejected the Hutchins-Huxley  proposal for private foundation  sponsorship of LSD, the proposal was not  dropped. Beginning in 1962, the Rand  Corporation of Santa Monica, California  began a four-year experiment in LSD,  peyote, and marijuana. The Rand  Corporation was established  simultaneously with the reorganization  of the Ford Foundation during 1949.  Rand was an outgrowth of the wartime  Strategic Bombing Survey, a "cost  analysis" study of the psychological  effects of the bombings of German  population centers.

According to a 1962 Rand Abstract, W.H.  McGlothlin conducted a preparatory  study on "The Long-Lasting Effects of  LSD on Certain Attitudes in Normals: An  Experimental Proposal." The following  year, McGlothlin conducted a year-long  experiment on thirty human guinea pigs,  called "Short-Term Effects of LSD on  Anxiety, Attitudes and Performance."  The study concluded that LSD improved  emotional attitudes and resolved anxiety  problems.12

Huxley At Work Huxley expanded his own  LSD-mescaline project in California by  recruiting several individuals who had  been initially drawn into the cult circles  he helped establish during his earlier  stay. The two most prominent  individuals were Alan Watts and the late  Dr. Gregory Bateson (the former husband  of Dame Margaret Mead). Watts became  a self-styled "guru" of a nationwide Zen  Buddhist cult built around his  well-publicized books. Bateson, an  anthropologist with the OSS, became the  director of a hallucinogenic drug  experimental clinic at the Palo Alto  Veterans Administration Hospital. Under  Bateson's auspices, the initiating "cadre"  of the LSD cult -- the hippies -- were  programmed.13

Watts at the same time founded the  Pacifica Foundation, which sponsored  two radio station WKBW in San Francisco  and WBM-FM in New York City. The  Pacifica stations were among the first to  push the "Liverpool Sound" -- the  British-imported hard rock twanging of  the Rolling Stones, the Beatles, and the  Animals. They would later pioneer "acid  rock" and eventually the self-avowed  psychotic "punk rock."

During the fall of 1960, Huxley was  appointed visiting professor at the  Massachusetts Institute of Technology in  Boston. Around his stay in that city,  Huxley created a circle at Harvard  parallel to his West Coast LSD team. The  Harvard group included Huxley, Osmund,  and Watts (brought in from California),  Timothy Leary, and Richard Alpert.

The ostensible topic of the Harvard  seminar was "Religion and its  Significance in the Modern Age." The  seminar was actually a planning session  for the "acid rock" counterculture.  Huxley established contact during this  Harvard period with the president of  Sandoz, which at the time was working  on a CIA contract to produce large  quantities of LSD and psilocybin (another  synthetic hallucinogenic drug) for  MK-Ultra, the CIA's official chemical  warfare experiment. According to  recently released CIA documents, Allen  Dulles purchased over 100 million doses  of LSD -- almost all of which flooded the  streets of the United States during the  late 1960s. During the same period,  Leary began privately purchasing large  quantities of LSD from Sandoz as well.14

From the discussions of the Harvard  seminar, Leary put together the book  The Psychedelic Experience, based on  the ancient cultist Tibetan Book of the  Dead. It was this book that popularized  Osmund's previously coined term,  "psychedelic mind-expanding."

The Roots of the Flower People

Back in California, Gregory Bateson had  maintained the Huxley operation out of  the Palo Alto VA hospital. Through LSD  experimentation on patients already  hospitalized for psychological problems,  Bateson established a core of "initiates"  into the "psychedelic" Isis Cult.

Foremost among his Palo Alto recruits  was Ken Kesey. In 1959, Bateson  administered the first dose of LSD to  Kesey. By 1962, Kesey had completed a  novel, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest,  which popularized the notion that  society is a prison and the only truly  "free" people are the insane.15

Kesey subsequently organized a circle of  LSD initiates called "The Merry  Pranksters." They toured the country  disseminating LSD (often without  forewarning the receiving parties),  building up local distribution  connections, and establishing the  pretext for a high volume of publicity on  behalf of the still minuscule  "counterculture."

By 1967, the Kesey cult had handed out  such quantities of LSD that a sizable drug  population had emerged, centered in the  Haight-Ashbury district of San Francisco.  Here Huxley collaborator Bateson set up  a "free clinic," staffed by Dr. David  Smith -- later a "medical adviser" for the  National Organization for the Reform of  Marijuana Laws (NORML); Dr. Ernest  Dernberg an active-duty military officer,  probably on assignment through  MK-UItra; Roger Smith-a street gang  organizer trained by Saul Alinsky. During  the Free Clinic period, Roger Smith was  the parole officer of the cultist mass  murderer Charles Manson; Dr. Peter  Bourne -- formerly President Carter's  special assistant on drug abuse. Bourne did his psychiatric residency at the  Clinic. He had previously conducted a  profiling study of GI heroin addicts in Vietnam.

The Free Clinic paralleled a project at  the Tavistock Institute, the  psychological warfare agency for the  British Secret Intelligence Service.  Tavistock, founded as a clinic in London  in the 1920s, had become the Psychiatric  Division of the British Army during World  War II under its director, Dr. John  Rawlings Rees.16

During the 1960s, the Tavistock Clinic  fostered the notion that no criteria for  sanity exist and that psychedelic  "mind-expanding" drugs are valuable  tools of psychoanalysis. In 1967,  Tavistock sponsored a Conference on the  "Dialectics of Liberation," chaired by  Tavistock psychoanalyst Dr. R.D. Laing,  himself a popularized author and  advocate of drug use. That conference  drew a number of people who would  soon play a prominent role in fostering  terrorism; Angela Davis and Stokely  Carmichael were two prominent  American delegates.

Thus, by 1963, Huxley had recruited his  core of "initiates." All of them -- Leary,  Osmund, Watts, Kesey, Alpert -- became  the highly publicized promoters of the  early LSD counterculture. By 1967, with  the cult of "Flower People" in  Haight-Ashbury and the emergence of  the antiwar movement, the United  States was ready for the inundation of  LSD, hashish and marijuana that hit  American college campuses in the late  1960s.

'The Beating of Drums . . .'

In 1963, the Beatles arrived in the  United States, and with their decisive  airing on the Ed Sullivan Show, the  "British sound" took off in the U.S.A. For  their achievement, the four rocksters  were awarded the Order of the British  Empire by Her Majesty the Queen. The  Beatles and the Animals, Rolling Stones,  and homicidal punk rock maniacs who  followed were, of course, no more a  spontaneous outpouring of alienated  youth than was the acid culture they  accompanied.

The social theory of rock was elaborated  by musicologist Theodor Adorno, who  came to the United States in 1939 to  head the Princeton University Radio  Research Project.17 Adorno writes: "In  an imaginary but psychologically  emotion-laden domain, the listener who  remembers a hit song will turn into the  song's ideal subject, into the person for  whom the song ideally speaks. At the  same time, as one of many who identify  with that fictitious subject, that musical  I, he will feel his isolation ease as he  himself feels integrated into the  community of "fans." In whistling such a  song he bows to a ritual of socialization,  although beyond this unarticulated  subjective stirring of the moment his  isolation continues unchanged . . . The  comparison with addiction is  inescapable. Addicted conduct generally  has a social component: it is one  possible reaction to the atomization  which, as sociologists have noticed,  parallels the compression of the social  network. Addiction to music on the part  of a number of entertainment listeners  would be a similar phenomenon."18

The hit parade is organized precisely on  the same principles used by Egypt's Isis  priesthood and for the same purpose:  the recruitment of youth to the  dionysiac counterculture.

In a report prepared for the University of  Michigan's Institute for Social Research,  Paul Hirsch described the product of  Adorno's Radio Research Project.19  According to Hirsch, the establishment  of postwar radio's Hit Parade  "transformed the mass medium into an  agency of sub-cultural programming.  Radio networks were converted into  round-the-clock recycling machines that  repeated the top forty hits." Hirsch  documents how all popular culture --  movies, music, books, and fashion -- is  now run on the same program of  preselection. Today's mass culture  operates like the opium trade: The  supply determines the demand.

The Vietnam War and the Anti-Vietnam  War Trap

But without the Vietnam War and the  "anti-war" movement, the Isis cult would  have been contained to a fringe  phenomenon -- no bigger than the  beatnik cult of the 1950s that was an  outgrowth of the early Huxley ventures  in California. The Vietnam War created  the climate of moral despair that opened  America's youth to drugs.

Under Kennedy, American military  involvement in Vietnam -- which had  been vetoed by the Eisenhower  administration -- was initiated on a  limited scale. Under Lyndon Johnson,  American military presence in Vietnam  was massively escalated, at the same  time that U.S. efforts were restricted --  the framework of "limited war." Playing  on the President's profile, the anglophile  Eastern Establishment, typified by top  White House national security aide  McGeorge Bundy and Defense Secretary  Robert McNamara, convinced President  Johnson that under the nuclear "balance  of terror," or the regime of Mutual and  Assured Destruction, the United States  could afford neither a political solution  to the conflict, nor the commitment to a  military victory.

The outcome of this debacle was a  major strategic withdrawal from Asia by  the United States, spelled out in Henry  Kissinger's "Guam Doctrine," adoption of  the spectacular failure known as the  "China Card" strategy for containing  Soviet influence, and demoralization of  the American people over the war to the  point that the sense of national pride  and confidence in the future progress of  the republic was badly damaged.

Just as Aldous Huxley began the  counterculture subversion of the United  States thirty years before its  consequences became evident to the  public, Lord Bertrand Russell began  laying the foundations for the anti-war  movement of the 1960s before the 1930s  expired. Russell's "pacifism" was always  relative -- the means to his most  cherished end, one-world government on  the imperial model, that would curb the  nation-state and its persistent tendency  toward republicanism and technological  progress.

Lord Russell and Aldous Huxley  cofounded the Peace Pledge Union in  1937 campaigning for peace with  Hitler-just before both went to the  United States for the duration of World  War.20 During World War II, Lord Russell  opposed British and American warfare  against the Nazis. In 1947, when the  United States was in possession of the  atomic bomb and Russia was not, Russell  loudly advocated that the United States  order the Soviets to surrender to a  one-world government that would enjoy  a restrictive monopoly on nuclear  weapons, under the threat of a  preemptive World War III against the  Soviet Union. His 1950s "Ban the Bomb"  movement was directed to the same  end-it functioned as an anti-technology  movement against the  peace-through-economic development  potentials represented by President  Eisenhower's "Atoms for Peace"'  initiative.

From the mid-1950s onward, Russell's  principal assignment was to build an  international anti-war and anti-American  movement. Coincident with the  escalation of U.S. involvement in  Vietnam under British manipulation,  Russell upgraded the old Peace Pledge  Union (which had been used in West  Germany throughout the postwar period  to promote an anti-capitalist "New left"  wing of the Social Democratic Party,  recruiting several future members of the  Baader-Meinhof terrorist gang in the  process) into the Bertrand Russell Peace  Foundation.

In the United States, the New York banks  provided several hundred thousand  dollars to establish the Institute for  Policy Studies (IPS), effectively the U.S.  branch of the Russell Peace Foundation.  Among the founding trustees of the IPS  was James Warburg, directly  representing the family's interests.

IPS drew its most active operatives from  a variety of British-dominated  institutions. IPS founding director Marcus  Raskin was a member of the Kennedy  administration's National Security  Council and also a fellow of the National  Training Labs, a U.S. subsidiary of the  Tavistock Institute founded by Dr. Kurt  Lewin.

After its creation by the League for  Industrial Democracy, Students for a  Democratic Society (SDS), the umbrella  of the student anti-war movement, was  in turn financed and run through IPS --  up through and beyond its splintering  into a number of terrorist and Maoist  gangs in the late 1960s.21 More broadly,  the institutions and outlook of the U.S.  anti-war movement were dominated by  the direct political descendants of the  British-dominated "socialist movement"  in the U.S.A., fostered by the House of  Morgan as far back as the years before  World War!.

This is not to say that the majority of  anti-war protesters were paid, certified  British agents. On the contrary, the  overwhelming majority of anti-war  protesters went into SDS on the basis of  outrage at the developments in Vietnam.  But once caught in the environment  defined by Russell and the Tavistock  Institute's psychological warfare experts,  and inundated with the message that  hedonistic pleasure-seeking was a  legitimate alternative to "immoral war,"  their sense of values and their creative  potential went up in a cloud of hashish  smoke.

'Changing Images'

Now, fifteen years later, with nearly an  entire generation of American youth  submerged in the drugs that flooded the  nation's campuses, the Aquarian  Conspiracy's Marilyn Ferguson is able to  write: "There are legions of [Aquarian]  conspirators. They are in corporations,  universities, and hospitals, on the  faculties of public schools, in factories  and doctors' offices, in state and federal  agencies, on city councils, and the White  House staff, in state legislatures, in  volunteer organizations, in virtually all  arenas of policy making in the  country."22

Like the British inundation of China with  drugs in the nineteenth century, the  British counterculture has succeeded in.  subverting the fabric of the nation, even  up to the top-most levels of government.

In 1962, Huxley helped found the Esalen  Institute in Big Sur, California, which  became a mecca for hundreds of  Americans to engage in weekends of  T-Groups and Training Groups modeled  on behavior group therapy, for Zen,  Hindu, and Buddhist transcendental  meditation, and "out of body"  experiences through simulated and  actual hallucinogenic drugs.23

As described in the Esalen Institute  Newsletter: "Esalen started in the fall of  1962 as a forum to bring together a wide  variety of approaches to enhancement of  the human potential . . . including  experiential sessions involving encounter  groups, sensory awakening, gestalt  awareness training, related disciplines.  Our latest step is to fan out into the  community at large, running programs in  cooperation with many different  institutions, churches, schools,  hospitals, and government."24

Esalen's nominal founders were two  transcendental meditation students,  Michael Murphy and Richard Price, both  graduates of Stanford University. Price  also participated in the experiments on  patients at Bateson's Palo Alto Veterans  Hospital. Today Esalen's catalogue  offers: T-Groups; Psychodrama Marthon;  Fight Training for Lovers and Couples;  Religious Cults; LSD Experiences and the  Great Religions of the World; Are You  Sound, a weekend workshop with Alan  Watts; Creating New Forms of Worship;  Hallucinogenic Psychosis; and Non-Drug  Approaches to Psychedelic Experiences.

Several tens of thousands of Americans  have passed through Esalen; millions  have passed through the programs it has  sired throughout the country.

The next leap in Britain's Aquarian  Conspiracy against the United States was  the May 1974 report that provided the  basis for Ferguson's work. The report is  entitled "Changing Images of Man,"  Contract Number URH (489~215O, Policy  Research Report No. 414.74, prepared by  the Stanford Research Institute Center  for the Study of Social Policy, Willis  Harman, director. The 319-page  mimeographed report was prepared by a  team of fourteen researchers and  supervised by a panel of twenty-three  controllers, including anthropologist  Margaret Mead, psychologist B.F.  Skinner, Ervin Laszlo of the United  Nations, Sir Geoffrey Vickers of British  intelligence.

The aim of the study, the authors state,  is to change the image of mankind from  that of industrial progress to one of  "spiritualism." The study asserts that in  our present society, the "image of  industrial and technological man" is  obsolete and must be "discarded": "Many  of our present images appear to have  become dangerously obsolete, however .  . . Science, technology, and economics  have made possible really significant  strides toward achieving such basic  human goals as physical safety and  security, material comfort and better  health. But many of these successes  have brought with them problems of  being too successful -- problems that  themselves seem insoluble within the set  of societal value-premises that led to  their emergence . . . Our highly  developed system of technology leads to  higher vulnerability and breakdowns.  Indeed the range and interconnected  impact of societal problems that are  now emerging pose a serious threat to  our civilization . . . If our predictions of  the future prove correct, we can expect  the association problems of the trend to  become more serious, more universal  and to occur more rapidly."

Therefore, SRI concludes, we must  change the industrial-technological  image of man fast: "Analysis of the  nature of contemporary societal  problems leads to the conclusion that . .  . the images of man that dominated the  last two centuries will be inadequate for  the post-industrial era."

Since the writing of the Harman report,  one President of the United States,  Jimmy Carter, reported sighting UFOs his  National Security Adviser Zbigniew  Brzezinski made speeches proclaiming  the advent of the New Age, the Joint  Chiefs of Staff every morning read  so-called intelligence reports on the  biorhythms and horoscopes of the  members of the Soviet Politburo. The  House of Representatives established a  new congressional committee, called the  Congressional Clearinghouse on the  Future, where the likes of Ferguson have  come to lecture up to a hundred  congressmen.25

What began as Britain's creation of the  counterculture to open the market for  its dope has come a long way.

The LSD Connection

Who provided the drugs that swamped  the anti-war movement and the college  campuses of the United States in the  late 1960s? The organized crime  infrastructure which had set up the  Peking Connection for the opium trade in  1928 -- provided the same services in the  1960s and 1970s it had provided during  Prohibition. This was also the same  network Huxley had established contact  with in Hollywood during the 1930s. The  LSD connection begins with one William  "Billy" Mellon Hitchcock. Hitchcock was a  graduate of the University of Vienna and  a scion of the millionaire Mellon banking  family of Pittsburgh. (Andrew Mellon of  the same family had been the U.S.  Treasury Secretary throughout  Prohibition.) In 1963, when Timothy  Leary was thrown out of Harvard,  Hitchcock rented a fifty-five-room  mansion in Millbrook, New York, where  the entire Leary-Huxley circle of  initiates was housed until its later move  back to California.26

Hitchcock was also a broker for the  Lansky syndicate and for the Fiduciary  Trust Co., Nassau, Grand Bahamas --- a  wholly owned subsidiary of Investors  Overseas Services. He was formally  employed by Delafield and Delafield  Investments, where he worked on buying  and selling vast quantities of stock in the  Mary Carter Paint Co., soon to become  Resorts International.

In 1967, Dr. Richard Alpert put Hitchcock  in contact with Augustus Owsley Stanley  III. As Owsley's agent, Hitchcock  retained the law firm of Babinowitz,  Boudin and Standard 27 -- to conduct a  feasibility study of several Caribbean  countries to determine the best location  for the production and distribution of  LSD and hashish.

During this period, Hitchcock joined  Leary and his circle in California. Leary  had established an LSD cult called the  Brotherhood of Eternal Love and several  front companies, including Mystics Art  World, Inc. of Laguna Beach, California.  These California-based entities ran  lucrative trafficking in Mexican  marijuana and LSD brought in from  Switzerland and Britain. The British  connection had been established directly  by Hitchcock, who contracted the  Charles Bruce chemical firm to import  large quantities of the chemical  components of LSD with financing from  both Hitchcock and George Grant Hoag,  the heir to the J.C. Penney dry goods  fortune, the Brotherhood of Eternal Love  set up LSD and hashish  production-marketing operations in  Costa Rica in 1968. 28

Toward the end of 1968, Hitchcock  expanded the LSD-hashish production  operations in the Caribbean with funds  provided by the Fiduciary Trust Co.  (IOS). In conjunction with J. Vontobel  and Co. of Zurich, Hitchcock founded a  corporation called 4-Star Anstalt in  Liechtenstein. This company, employing  "investment funds" (that is, drug  receipts) from Fiduciary Trust, bought up  large tracts of land in the Grand  Bahamas as well as large quantities of  ergotamine tartrate, the basic chemical  used in the production of LSD.29

Hitchcock's personal hand in the LSD  connection abruptly ended several years  later. Hitchcock had been working  closely with Johann F. Parravacini of the  Parravacini Bank Ltd in Berne,  Switzerland. From 1968, they had  together funded even further expansion  of the Caribbean-California LSD-hashish  ventures. In the early 1970s, as the  result of a Securities and Exchange  Commission investigation, both  Hitchcock and Parravacini were indicted  and convicted of a $40 million stock  fraud. Parravacini had registered a $40  million sale to Hitchcock for which  Hitchcock had not put down a penny of  cash or collateral. This was one of the  rare instances in which federal  investigators succeeded in getting inside  the $200 billion drug fund as it was  making its way around the "offshore"  banking system.

Another channel for laundering dirty drug  money -- a channel yet to be  compromised by federal investigative  agencies is important to note here. This  is the use of tax-exempt foundations to  finance terrorism and environmentalism.  One immediately relevant case makes  the point.

In 1957, the University of Chicago's  Robert M. Hutchins established the  Center for the Study of Democratic  Institutions (CSDI) in Santa Barbara,  California. Knight Commander Hutchins  drew in Aldous Huxley, Elisabeth Mann  Borghese, and some Rhodes Scholars who  had originally been brought into the  University of Chicago during the 1930s  and 1940s.

The CSDI was originally funded 1957 to  1961 through a several-million-dollar  fund that Hutchins managed to set up  before his untimely departure from the  Ford Foundation. From 1961 onward, the  Center was principally financed by  organized crime. The two funding  conduits were the Fund of Funds, a tax  exempt front for Bernie Cornfeld's lOS,  and the Parvin Foundation, a parallel  front for Parvin-Dohnnan Co. of Nevada.  IOS and Marvin-Doorman held controlling  interests in the Desert Inn, the Aladdin,  and the Dune -- all Las Vegas casinos  associated with the Lansky syndicate.  IOS, as already documented, was a  conducting vehicle for LSD, hashish, and  marijuana distribution throughout the  1960s.30 In 1967 alone, IOS channeled  between $3 and $4 million to the center.  Wherever there is dope, there is Dope,  Inc.


[a] Included as Part 8, Chapter 1 of  Dope, Inc. by Executive Intelligence  Review (Available through  This copy was  obtained from the internet.

1) Marilyn Ferguson, The Aquarian  Conspiracy (Los Angeles: J.P. Archer,  1980), p.19.

2) Paul Ghalioungui, The House of Life:  Magic and Medica' Science in Ancient  Egypt (New York: Schram Enterprises,  1974).

3) Arnold Toynbee, A Study of History (New  York: Oxford University Press, 1935).

4) Martin Green, Children of the Sun: A  Narrative of Decadence in England after  1918 (New York: Basic Books, 1976).

5)See Ronald William Clark, The Huxleys  (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1968).

6) H.G. Wells, Anticipations of the Reaction  of Mechanical and Scientific Progress  Upon Human Life and Thought (New  York: Harper and Row, 1902), p.285.

7) Helena P. Blavatsky, Isis Unveiled, A  Master Key to the Mysteries of Ancient  and Modern Science and Theology (Los  Angeles: Theosophy Co., 1931).

8) Francis King, Sexuality, Magic and  Perversion (New York: Citadel, 1974),  p.118.

9) Ferguson, Aquarian Conspiracy, p. 126n.

Institute for Policy Studies, "The First  Ten Years, 1963-1973," Washington,  D.C., 1974.

10) Humphrey Osmund, Understanding  Understanding (New York: Harper and  Row, 1974).

11) Rand Corporation Catalogue of  Documents.

12) Gregory Bateson, Steps to the Ecology of  the Mind (New York: Chandler, 1972).

13) Ralph Metzner, The Ecstatic Adventure  (New York: Macmillan, 1968).

14) See Clark, The Huxleys.

15) Michael Minnicino, "Low Intensity  Operations: The Reesian Theory of War,"  The Campaigner (April 1974).

Theodor Adorno was a leading professor  of the Frankfurt School of Social  Research in Germany, founded by the  British Fabian Society. A collaborator of  twelve-tone formalist and British  intelligence operative Arnold  Schoenberg, Adorno was brought to the  United States in 1939 to head the  Princeton Radio Research Project. The  aim of this project, as stated in Adorno's  Introduction to the Sociology of Music,  was to program a mass "musical" culture  that would steadily degrade its  consumers. Punk rock is, in the most  direct sense, the ultimate result of  Adorno's work.

16) Theodor Adorno, Introduction to the  Sociology of Music (New York: Seabury  Press, 1976).

17) Paul Hirsch, "The Structure of the  Popular Music Industry; The Filtering  Process by which Records are  Preselected for Public Consumption,"  Institute for Social Research's Survey  Research Center Monograph, 1969.

18) Ronald Clark, The Life of Bertrand  Russell (New York: Alfred Knopf, 1976),  p.457.

19) Illinois Crime Commission Report, 1969.  The Institute for Policy Studies (IPS) was  established in 1963 by Marcus Raskin, a  former National Security Adviser under  NSC Director McGeorge Bundy, and by  Richard Barnet, a former State  Department adviser on arms control and  disarmament. Among the board of  trustees of IPS were Thurmond Arnold,  James Warburg, Philip Stern, and Hans  Morgenthau, with seed money from the  Ford Foundation (later to be headed by  McGeorge Bundy). IPS has functioned as  the "New left" think tank and control  center for local community control,  community health centers, and direct  terrorist organizations. In its report "The  First Ten Years," the Institute lists  among its lecturers and fellows,  members of the Weathermen group, and  known associates of the Japanese Red  Army, the Puerto Rican terrorist Armed  Forces of National Liberation (FALN),  and the Black Liberation Army. See also  Carter and the Party of international  Terrorism, Special Report by the U.S.  Labor Party, August, 1976.

20) Ferguson, Aquarian Conspiracy, p.24.

21) Criton Zoakos et al., Stamp Out the  Aquarian Conspiracy, Citizens for  LaRouche monograph, New York, 1980,  pp. 60-63.

22) Ibid.

23) Ibid., pp. 10-12.

24) Mary Jo Warth, "The Story of Acid  Profiteers," Village Voice, August 22,  1974.

25) Ibid.

26) Ibid.


28) Hutchinson, Vesco.