Measles vaccine citations (adverse reactions)
MMR vaccine citations

[1998] Weibel et al Acute Encephalopathy Followed by Permanent Brain Injury or Death Associated With Further Attenuated Measles Vaccines: A Review of Claims Submitted to the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program  A total of 48 children, ages 10 to 49 months, met the inclusion criteria after receiving measles vaccine, alone or in combination. Eight children died, and the remainder had mental regression and retardation, chronic seizures, motor and sensory deficits, and movement disorders.

High dose Edmonston Zagreb (EZ) measles vaccine
Vitamin A & child mortality citations

Agarwal RK. Measles vaccination and risk of SSPE. Indian Pediatr. 1999 Mar;36(3):317. No abstract available.PMID: 10713848 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Auwaerter PG, Hussey GD, Goddard EA, Hughes J, Ryon JJ, Strebel PM, Beatty D, Griffin DE.   Changes within T cell receptor V beta subsets in infants following measles vaccination. Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1996 May;79(2):163-70. PMID: 8620622 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Aukrust L, et al.    Severe hypersensitivity or intolerance reactions to measles vaccine in six children. Clinical and immunological studies. Allergy. 1980 Oct;35(7):581-7. PMID: 7468944; UI: 81131462. 
Alves RS, Barbosa ER, Scaff M.  Postvaccinal parkinsonism. Mov Disord. 1992;7(2):178-80. PMID: 1350062 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
A 5-year-old boy, with a history of fever beginning 15 days after a vaccination for measles, developed a rigid-akinetic syndrome 3 days after the fever began. A spinal tap obtained 1 week after the onset of fever showed pleocytosis with a monocellular pattern. A CT scan of the head and EEG did not disclose any abnormality. An MRI performed 3 months after the event, however, showed clear-cut evidence of bilateral substantia nigra lesions, suggesting secondary gliosis. The response to levodopa was good, but adverse reactions appeared early. The child is now 7 years old. Bromocriptine, deprenyl, and levodopa have produced a remarkable improvement of the parkinsonian features.
Allerdist H.  Neurological complications following measles vaccination.Dev Biol Stand. 1979;43:259-64. PMID: 520673 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Allerdist, H, "Neurological Complications Following Measles Vaccination", Inter Symp, Brussels, 1978, Development Biol Std, Vol 43, 259-264.
Allerdist, H, "Neurological Complications Following Measles Virus Vaccination. Evaluation of the Cases seen Between 1971-1977", Monatsschr Kinderheilkd, Jan 1979, 127(1): 23-28.
Barbor PR, et al.  Encephalitis after measles vaccination. Lancet. 1969 Jul 5;2(7610):55-6. No abstract available.PMID: 4182814; UI: 69218681.       
Bengtsson B. [The side effects of the vaccination of 650 children against measles]Lakartidningen. 1971 May 5;68(19):2235-44. Swedish. No abstract available.PMID: 5579712 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Bitnun A, et al.   Measles inclusion-body encephalitis caused by the vaccine strain of measles virus. Clin Infect Dis. 1999 Oct;29(4):855-61. PMID: 10589903; UI: 20055848.
Brodsky, Stanievich, "Sensorineural Hearing Loss Following Live Measles Virus Vaccination", Int J Ped Oto, 1985 Nov; 10(2):159-163
Berlin BS.   Convulsions after measles immunisation. Lancet. 1983 Jun 18;1(8338):1380. No abstract available.PMID: 6134152; UI: 83217955. Chandra RK.     Reactions following measles vaccination. Indian J Pediatr. 1967 Nov;34(238):423-4. No abstract available.PMID: 5594847; UI: 68359970.      
Cho CT, Lansky LJ, D'Souza BJ.  Panencephalitis following measles vaccination. JAMA. 1973 May 28;224(9):1299. No abstract available. PMID: 4739905 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Cherkeziia SE (1979), Mikhailova GR, Gorshunova LP. [Disorders in the murine chromosome apparatus induced by immunization with a complex of antiviral vaccines]. Vopr Virusol 1979 Sep-Oct;(5):547-50 [Article in Russian]
Immunization of mice with a number of live virus vaccines (poliovaccine, smallpox vaccine, measles vaccine) given consecutively at 14-day intervals resulted in increased frequency of chromosomal aberrations in bone marrow cells of the animals after the completion of the entire vaccination course (14 and 30 days after the last vaccination). Measles vaccine and, particularly, smallpox vaccine exert a significant harmful effect on the karyotype of the bone marrow cells. The effect on the chromosomes of the vaccines given consecutively differs somewhat from the individual effect of each of them.
Dietzsch HJ, Kiehl W.  [Central nervous complications following measles vaccination] Dtsch Gesundheitsw. 1976 Dec 4;31(52):2489-91. German. No abstract available. PMID: 1009851 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Garenne M, et al.     Child mortality after high-titre measles vaccines: prospective study in Senegal. Lancet. 1991 Oct 12;338(8772):903-7. PMID: 1681265; UI: 92016868.
Child mortality after immunisation was significantly higher in the two groups which received high-titre vaccines than in the group given the standard vaccine. The relative risk of death was 1.80 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.18-2.74; p = 0.007) in the EZ-HT group and 1.51 (0.97-2.34; p = 0.07) in the SW-HT group compared with the standard group. The three vaccine groups were comparable as regards various social, family, and health characteristics, and there was no difference in mortality between children who received the standard vaccine and those who were eligible for the trial but did not take part for various reasons. The higher risk of death in the two high-titre vaccine groups remained significant in multivariate analyses. These findings suggest a need to reconsider the use of high-titre measles vaccines early in life in less developed countries.
Grose C, et al. Guillain-Barre syndrome following administration of live measles vaccine.  Am J Med. 1976 Mar;60(3):441-3. PMID: 1258890; UI: 76158140.
Giampietro PG, et al.     Adverse reaction to measles immunization. Eur J Pediatr. 1993 Jan;152(1):80. No abstract available.PMID: 8444213; UI: 93185701.
Galili S.A mild form of Stevens-Johnson syndrome following measles vaccination. Isr J Med Sci. 1967 Nov-Dec;3(6):903-5. No abstract available.PMID: 5587583; UI: 68271750. [See Related Articles]
Halsey N.      Risk of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis from measles vaccination. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1990 Nov;9(11):857-8. No abstract available.PMID: 2263442; UI: 91088240.
Hazir T, et al.Stevens-Johnson syndrome following measles vaccination. JPMA J Pak Med Assoc. 1997 Oct;47(10):264-5. No abstract available.PMID: 9529856; UI: 98190761. [See Related Articles]
Ishikawa T, Ogino C, Chang S.  Brain Dev 1999 Dec;21(8):563-5 Lennox-Gastaut syndrome after a further attenuated live measles vaccination. Jayarajan V, et al. Hearing loss following measles vaccination. J Infect. 1995 Mar;30(2):184-5. No abstract available.PMID: 7636291; UI: 95363215.[See Related Articles]
Jagdis F, et al.  Encephalitis after administration of live measles vaccine. Can Med Assoc J. 1975 Apr 19;112(8):972-5. PMID: 236821; UI: 75166215.
Kiefaber RW. Thrombocytopenic purpura after measles vaccination.N Engl J Med. 1981 Jul 23;305(4):225. No abstract available. PMID: 7195464 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Kuzemko JA.Measles vaccination and the nephrotic syndrome. Br Med J. 1972 Dec 16;4(841):665-6. No abstract available.PMID: 4264883; UI: 73073995. [See Related Articles]
Knudsen KM, et al.   Child mortality following standard, medium or high titre measles immunization in West Africa. Int J Epidemiol. 1996 Jun;25(3):665-73. PMID: 8671571; UI: 96324880        [See Related Articles]
The combined analysis showed a decreased survival related to high titre measles vaccine compared with standard titre vaccines, though solely among females. As a result of these studies from West Africa and a study from Haiti, WHO has recommended that high titre measles vaccine no longer be used
Lemerle S, Kohout G, Bernaudin F.[Complications of measles and antimeasles vaccination] Ann Pediatr (Paris). 1984 Jun;31(6):477-80. French. No abstract available. PMID: 6147112 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Landrigan PJ, et al (1973). Neurologic disorders following live measles-virus vaccination. JAMA. 1973 Mar 26;223(13):1459-62. PMID: 4196154; UI: 73180462.
Modlin, JF (1977), Jabbour, JT, Witte, JJ, Halsey, NA; Epidemiologic Studies of measles, measles vaccine, and subacute sclerosing panencephalitis; Pediatrics, Vol 59; No. 4; April 1977
Abstract: Histories obtained in 350 of 375 clinically confirmed cases of SSPE reported to a national registry showed that 292 patients had measles and 58 had no history of measles. Forty of the latter patients received live, attenuated measles virus vaccine. In patients with a history of measles, measles illness occurred before age 2 years in 46%, and a mean of 7.0 years before onset of SSPE. In contrast, there was no relationship of SSPE with age at vaccination in 35 of 40 patients historically associated with measles vaccine and SSPE occurred a mean of 3.3 years after vaccination. Based on estimated national measles morbidity data and national measles vaccine distribution data, the risk of SSPE following measles vaccination (0.5 to 1.1 cases/106) appears to be less than the risk following measles (5.2 to 9.7 cases/106 ). Because live measles vaccine is highly effective in preventing measles illness and a high proportion of children in the US have received measles vaccine, these data are consistent with the observed downward trend in SSPE incidence since 1969.

Martinon-Torres F, et al.    [Self-limited acute encephalopathy related to measles component of viral triple vaccine]. Rev Neurol. 1999 May 1-15;28(9):881-2. Spanish. PMID: 10390753; UI: 99319226.
Vijendra K. Singh, Sheren X. Lin, and Victor C. Yang, "Serological Association of Measles Virus and Human Herpesvirus-6 with Brain Autoantibodies in Autism," Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology, Oct 1998, Vol. 89, No. 1, p 105-108. ["None of the autistic children in the study had measles in the past, but all had the MMR" stated David Whalgren.
Miller CL. Convulsions after measles vaccination. Lancet. 1983 Jul 23;2(8343):215. No abstract available.PMID: 6135043; UI: 83243659.[See Miller D, Wadsworth J, Diamond J, Ross E.  Measles vaccination and neurological events. Lancet. 1997 Mar 8;349(9053):730-1. No abstract available. PMID: 9078224 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Montgomery SM, Wakefield AJ. Measles vaccine and neurological events. Lancet. 1997 May 31;349(9065):1625-6. No abstract available. PMID: 9174580 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Miyake S, Fujita M, Endo C, Taoka N, Kuzuhara M.  [Recurrence of febrile convulsions after the first diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus vaccination and measles vaccination in children with febrile convulsions: a questionnaire survey in Takamatsu City] No To Hattatsu. 2001 Jul;33(4):336-41. Japanese. PMID: 11494577 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Montgomery SM, et al. Measles vaccination and inflammatory bowel disease. Lancet. 1997 Dec 13;350(9093):1774. No abstract available.PMID: 9413482; UI: 98075403.
Muller K.  [Endangering of children with brain damage by measles vaccination] Dtsch Gesundheitsw. 1968 Oct 31;23(44):2104-5. German. No abstract available. PMID: 5730921 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Nakayama T, Urano T, Osano M, Maehara N, Sasaki K, Makino S. Long-term regulation of interferon production by lymphocytes from children inoculated with live measles virus vaccine. J Infect Dis. 1988 Dec;158(6):1386-90. No abstract available. PMID: 3143767
Nader PR, Warren RJ.  Reported neurologic disorders following live measles vaccine. Pediatrics. 1968 May;41(5):997-1001. No abstract available. PMID: 4385237 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
[No authors listed]     A measles vaccine withdrawn. Br Med J. 1969 Mar 29;1(647):794-5. No abstract available.PMID: 4388139; UI: 69134745.
Osuntokun BO. The neurological complications of vaccination against smallpox and measles. West Afr Med J Niger Pract. 1968 Aug;17(4):115-21. Review. No abstract available. PMID: 4386473 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Oski and Naiman, "Effect of Live Measles Vaccine on the Platelet Count", NEJM, Aug 18, 1966, p 352-356.
Osorio M, Olivares M, Chadud P, Schlesinger L, Arevalo M, Stekel A.   [Clinical manifestations and leukocyte response induced by measles vaccination] Rev Chil Pediatr. 1987 Jan-Feb;58(1):74-7. Spanish. No abstract available. PMID: 3441648 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE
Phadke MA, Joshi BN, Warerkar UV, Diwan MP, Panse GA, Sokhey J, Bhate SM. Toxic shock syndrome: an unforeseen complication following measles vaccination. Indian Pediatr. 1991 Jun;28(6):663-5. No abstract available. PMID: 1748516 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]Reinert P, Snyder RD.  Facial palsy following measles vaccination, a possible connection. Pediatrics. 1968 Jul;42(1):215-6. No abstract available. PMID: 5657694 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Sood DK, Kumar S, Singh S, Sokhey J.  Measles vaccination in India and controversies regarding adverse reactions. Vaccine. 1995;13(8):785-6. No abstract available. PMID: 7483797 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Sood DK, Kumar S, Singh S, Sokhey J.  Panic after measles vaccination: who is to blame? Indian J Pediatr. 1995 Jul-Aug;62(4):379-80. Review. No abstract available. PMID: 10829896 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
da Silveira CM, et al.   Measles vaccination and Guillain-Barre syndrome. Lancet. 1997 Jan 4;349(9044):14-6. PMID: 8988116; UI: 97141866.
Thompson, N.P(1996)., Montgomery, S.M.., Pounder, R.E., Wakefield, A.J., (29/4/96), Is Measles Vaccination a risk factor for inflammatory bowel disease?, The Lancet, Vol 345: 1071-1073
Stehr K, Enders G, Suschke HJ, Spiess H. [Clinical and immunological reactions after measles vaccination with cleavage vaccine and live vaccine] Monatsschr Kinderheilkd. 1970 Jun;118(6):383-7. German. No abstract available. PMID: 5523685 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Stejskal J, Svoboda R, Kasal P.  [Lymphadenitis after measles vaccination in a child with a congenital immunologic disorder] Cesk Pediatr. 1977 Oct;32(10):605-6. Czech. No abstract available. PMID: 610908 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Strauss, J et al, "Loss of Maternal Measles Antibodies Acquired By Vaccination Against Measles," Cesk epidemiol Mikrobiol Immunol, May 1991, 40(3):137-143.

Trump, R C, White, T R, "Cerebellar Ataxia Presumed Due To Live Attenuated Measles Virus Vaccine," JAMA, 1967, 199:165-166.

Thurston A.    Anaphylactic shock reaction to measles vaccine. J R Coll Gen Pract. 1987 Jan;37(294):41. No abstract available.PMID: 3668928; UI: 88035790.   
Torinuki W.  Mucha-Habermann disease in a child: possible association with measles vaccination. J Dermatol. 1992 Apr;19(4):253-5. PMID: 1607490 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Valmari P, Lanning M, Tuokko H, Kouvalainen K.  Measles virus in the cerebrospinal fluid in postvaccination immunosuppressive measles encephalopathy. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1987 Jan;6(1):59-63. No abstract available. PMID: 2881246 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Van Damme W, Lynen L, Kegels G, Van Lerberghe W.  Measles vaccination and inflammatory bowel disease.Lancet. 1997 Dec 13;350(9093):1774-5. No abstract available. PMID: 9413483 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Wiersbitzky S, et al.    ["Vaccination encephalopathy after measles vaccination simulating recurrent cardiovascular dysregulation?" The pediatric vaccination counseling unit]. Kinderarztl Prax. 1991 Jun;59(6):187-8. German. No abstract available.PMID: 1681130; UI: 92016158.
Wiersbitzky S, et al. [Febrile exanthema following measles vaccination--risk of recurrence in the 2d measles vaccination]? Kinderarztl Prax. 1991 Dec;59(12):384-5. German. No abstract available.PMID: 1774855; UI: 92130378.[See Related

White F.    Measles vaccine associated encephalitis in Canada. Lancet. 1983 Sep 17;2(8351):683-4. No abstract available.PMID: 6136823; UI: 83296456.  

Wilkins J, Wehrle PF.  Additional evidence against measles vaccine administration to infants less than 12 months of age: altered immune response following active/passive immunization. J Pediatr. 1979 Jun;94(6):865-9. PMID: 448525 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Yalcin SS, Yurdakok K, Ozalp I, Coskun T. The effect of live measles vaccines on serum vitamin A levels in healthy children. Acta Paediatr Jpn. 1998 Aug;40(4):345-9. PMID: 9745778 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]