Meningitis/meningococcal disease definitions
[back] Meningitis

Meningitis just means inflammation of the meninges. Various bacteria are blamed for meningitis - H. influenza B, pneumococcal, meningococcal & more (ref)

Bacterial Meningitis

1. Meningococcal. (Strains: A, B, C, Y, W-135, 29E etc) Vaccines: Meningitis A & C
2. Pneumococcal.   (Strains: 1,2,3,4,5,6B, 7F,8, 9N etc) Vaccines: Pneumococcal
3. Haempohilus influenzae/Hib (Strains: B,E,F etc)  Vaccines: Hib/Hemophilus

Viral or Aseptic Meningitis

The commonest causes or viral meningitis are coxsackie and echovirsuses (known as enteroviruses). It can also develop as a result of infection with herpes simplex, measles, polio or chickenpox.  Or drugs.

See: Drug Induced Meningitis (DIAM)