Animal citations
Citations re electromagnetic radiation

(1) Balode (1996)- blood cells from cows from a farm close and in front of a radar showed significantly higher level of severe genetic damage.

A six-fold increase in chromosome damage in cows exposed to a likely maximum intensity of 0.1m W/cm2.   The Physiological and Environmental Effects of Non-ionising Electromagnetic Radiation by G.J. Hyland

Balode Z. Assessment of radio-frequency electromagnetic radiation by the micronucleus test in bovine peripheral erythrocytes. Sci Total Environ. 1996 Feb 2;180(1):81-5.  PMID: 8717319 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
    Previous bioindicative studies in the Skrunda Radio Location Station area have focused on the somatic influence of electromagnetic radiation on plants, but it is also important to study genetic effects. We have chosen cows as test animals for cytogenetical evaluation because they live in the same general exposure area as humans, are confined to specific locations and are chronically exposed to radiation. Blood samples were obtained from female Latvian Brown cows from a farm close to and in front of the Skrunda Radar and from cows in a control area. A simplified alternative to the Schiff method of DNA staining for identification of micronuclei in peripheral erythrocytes was applied. Microscopically, micronuclei in peripheral blood erythrocytes were round in shape and exhibited a strong red colour. They are easily detectable as the only coloured bodies in the uncoloured erythrocytes. From each individual animal 2000 erythrocytes were examined at a magnification of x 1000 for the presence of micronuclei. The counting of micronuclei in peripheral erythrocytes gave low average incidences, 0.6 per 1000 in the exposed group and 0.1 per 1000 in the control, but statistically significant (P < 0.01) differences were found in the frequency distribution between the control and exposed groups.  PMID: 8717319 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

A six-fold increase in chromosome damage in cows exposed to a likely maximum intensity of 0.1m W/cm2.   The Physiological and Environmental Effects of Non-ionising Electromagnetic Radiation by G.J. Hyland

Löscher W and G. Käs (Authors) Conspicuous behavioural abnormalities in a dairy cow herd near a TV and Radio transmitting antenna. Prakt. Tierarzt 79: 5, 437-444 (1998) [Practical Veterinary Surgeon 79: 5, 437-444 (1998)] Schlütersche GmbH & Co. KG, Verlag und Druckerei [Schlütersche GmbH & Co. KG, Publisher and Printer] ISSN 0032-681 X
    SUMMARY: In addition to a considerable reduction of milk yield and increasing occurences of health problems, behavioural abnormalities that have not yet been examined, have been observed over the last two years in a herd of dairy cows maintained in close proximity to a TV and Radio transmitting antenna. The evaluation of possible factors which could explain the abnormalities in the livestock did not disclose any factors other than the measurable high-frequency electromagnetic fields. An experiment in which a cow with abnormal behaviour was brought to a stable in a different area resulted in normalisation of the cow within five days. The symptoms returned, however, when the cow was brought back to the stable in close proximity to the antenna in question. In view of the previously known effects of electromagnetic fields it may be possible that the observed abnormalities are related to the electromagnetic field exposure.

Repacholi M.H. et al. Lymphomas in Em -Pim 1 transgenic mice exposed to pulsed 900MHz electromagnetic fields . Radiation Res. 1997; 147: 631-640. Sobel et al. (1996) found that workers in industries with likely electromagnetic field exposure have a very significant (p=0.006) increase in incidence of Alzheimer's disease, OR = 3.93, 95% CI: 1.5-10.6. For males the adjusted odds ratio was 4.9, 95% CI: 1.3-7.9, p=0.01, and for females, OR = 3.40, 95% CI: 0.8-16.0, p = 0.01. They note that: These results are consistent with previous findings regarding the hypothesis that electromagnetic field exposure is etiologically associated with the occurrence of AD." [April 2000] Safe exposure levels by Dr. Neil Cherry 


Dr S. Prausnitz, Prof. C. Suspend"Effects of chronic microwave irradiation on mice" Univ. OF CA, BerkeleyLeukosis, Cancer, Testicular degeneration

Persson B.R.R. et al. Blood-brain barrier permeability in rats exposed to electromagnetic fields used in wireless communication. Wireless Networks 1997; 3: 455-461.

Panagopoulos DJ, Karabarbounis A, Margaritis LH  "Effect of GSM 900MHz Mobile Phone Radiation on the Reproductive Capacity of Drosophila Melanogaster", Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, 23(1), 29-43.
    Pulsed radio frequency, (RF), electromagnetic radiation from common GSM mobile phones, (Global System for Mobile Telecommunications) with a carrier frequency at 900 MHz, ‘‘modulated’’ by human voice, (speaking emission) decreases the reproductive capacity of the insect Drosophila melanogaster by 50%–60%, whereas the corresponding ‘‘nonmodulated’’ field (nonspeaking emission) decreases the reproductive capacity by 15%–20%. The insects were exposed to the near field of the mobile phone antenna for 6 min per day during the first 2–5 days of their adult lives. The GSM field is found to affect both females and males. Our results suggest that this field-radiation decreases the rate of cellular processes during gonad development in insects.